Atopic dermatitis is a common condition that affects around 15 to 20% of children, among which 1-2% are severely affected. This skin condition is commonly affect during early childhood and is treated in primary stage only.
A study found that children with moderate or severe atopic dermatitis are likely to have obesity and elevated systolic blood pressure. Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that is characterized by increased morbidity and pruritus, and is associated with an increase in body mass index (BMI) and systolic blood pressure.
Check out some of the guidelines that help to manage the atopic dermatitis in children
- The triggering factors should be identified that include the irritants such as detergents and soaps, infections of skin, foods, inhalant and contact allergens and should be kept away.
- The food allergies in children with dermatitis should be considered. Children show immediate symptoms if they ingest the food that they are allergic to and should be avoided.
- The bottle fed infants that are younger than 6 months with moderate or severe skin condition should be treated with mild topical corticosteroids and should undergo 6 to 8 weeks replacing the cow’s milk formula with amino acid or hydrolyzed protein formula.
- Children with dermatitis and cow’s milk allergy should avoid diet with unmodified protein or partially hydrolyzed formula.
- Children who are of 6 months of age should be offered the diet that includes soya protein.
- Women who breast feed the children should counsel whether the change in her diet reduce the condition of dermatitis or not.
- Mild dermatitis should be managed with mild topical corticosteroids. Moderate should be managed with moderate topical corticosteroids, bandages and topical calcineurin inhibitors. For severe conditions, treatment with corticosteroids should be included with phototherapy, bandages, topical calcineurin inhibitor and systemic therapy.
- The parents of the children with skin conditions should look for the symptoms such as increased itching, dryness, redness, irritability and swelling.
- The children should be offered unperfumed emollients for daily moisturization, bathing and washing. The emollients should be made available for use at school and day care.
Atopic dermatitis is a common condition that affects the early childhood. The study has also found that it is associated with obesity and elevated blood pressure. By following proper guidelines and use of medication, the condition can be treated and controlled.
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